Stuttering or more commonly known as Stammering is a speech disorder that makes the speaker repeat or prolong sounds, syllables or words, disturbing the normal flow of speech.
Almost all the people who have stuttering problems experience a lot of anxiety and inferiority complexes in their lives. But dealing with shuttering is not as big a problem as people think it to be. Changing your thinking, changing your actions and finally changing your behavior is the simplest and the basic remedy for dealing with stuttering. Successfully treating stammering does not only require the patient’s efforts but demands attention and efforts by the family too, especially the parents. This collaborative effort by the patient and family can work wonders in dealing with stammering.
Tips for dealing with stuttering:
We have compiled here a list of tips and techniques for successfully dealing with stuttering:
What parents should do:
- Try to provide a relaxed home environment to the child as stress, anxiety and social difficulties play a huge role in impairing speech. A friendly home environment encourages the child to express his feelings and speak more which in turn helps the child to have better speech fluency. Try talking to him when he is excited about something and has a lot to tell. Always take out time to have conversations with the child.
- Appreciate the child whenever he speaks with fluency even if some. Encouraging helps greatly in giving the child confidence and the feeling that he is doing right.
- Always take out time to listen to the child with patience. Do not make the child rush when he speaks and do not even let the child feel that you are in a hurry and he needs to finish quickly.
- Always let the child try and complete his sentences. Show patience and give the child the opportunity to complete his sentences or say his words himself.
- Do not scold or criticize the child if he stutters. This will make him nervous and conscious about about his speech and in attempting for perfection he will stutter even more.
- Last but not the least always show your support to the child and make him feel that it is okay to have a problem and that it can be solved.
What The Patient Should Do:
- Meditate and try to relax your mind as much as you can. Make your self believe that you can pull it up.
- Practice speaking with self-appreciation. Set attainable goals for anxiety control and pat yourself at the back every time you attain a goal for speaking a complete sentence without stuttering or speaking a difficult word perfectly.
- Practice speaking in front of the mirror, on the telephone, and in public eventually with confidence.
- Go easy when you stutter and do not panic or get nervous about it. When you panic the nervousness transfers to the listener which in turn makes you even more nervous making you stutter more.
- Have an optimistic approach about overcoming stuttering. Make yourself believe that you are capable of speaking perfectly and with some practice and control over your mind you can speak with perfection.
- Face the fear of stuttering and do not hesitate to stutter deliberately once in a while.
- Try to develop a rhythm in your speech. Singing songs can also help to attain better fluency.
- Joining a support team also helps in dealing with stuttering problems, as seeing others like you doing well gives you motivation to speak well too.
- Seek speech therapy.
Stuttering which is a basically speech disorder, can make the communication more difficult with other individual. Having this problem, words, syllables, sounds are repeatedly used and prolonged. That’s why, the normal flow of speech become disrupted and often affect on the quality of an individual. Symptoms of stuttering can vary the life of person. Most of the time, group conversation, and telephonic conversation make the Stuttering more sever. At the same time, singing, reading can be disrupted due to this problem.
What causes stuttering?
Normally, there are two sorts of stuttering which are extremely normal today. There is also third type of stuttering found among the people rarely which is called psychogenic faltering, can be brought about by enthusiastic trauma or issues with thought or thinking. At one time, all stuttering was considered to be, yet today we realize that psychogenic faltering is uncommon.)
Developmental stuttering that usually occurs while children’s language and speech are unable to fulfill their verbal needs is very common form of stuttering. According to the scientists and specialist, this type of stuttering is generic problem, as it also runs within families. In the year of 2010, NIDCD researchers identify three different genes which lead stuttering.
Neutrogena stuttering might happen after a stroke, head injury, or other sort of brain damage. Having this stuttering, the brain has suffered various problem coordinating the diverse parts included speaking in view of signaling issues between the cerebrum and nerves or muscles.
How is stuttering diagnosed?
Identifying stuttering would seem like a very simple task, it can disrupt an individual communication. Having stuttering can be detected very quickly by other people. And stuttering could affect an individual’s observable speech. Apart from this, there are various nature of stuttered speech which is not so much easy to detect. So that, detecting stuttering perfectly needs proper skill, experience of a well trained speech-language pathologist or SLP.
Amid an assessment, a SLP will take note of the number and sorts of speech disfluencies a man produces in different circumstances. The SLP will also survey the courses in which the individual reacts and adapts to disfluencies. The SLP might also assemble detail about factors, for example, teasing that might make the issue worse. An assortment of different evaluation (e.g., discourse rate, dialect abilities) might be finished also, depending upon the individual’s age and history. Data about the individual is then dissected to figure out if a familiarity issue exists. Provided that this is true, the degree to which it influences the capacity to perform and take part in every day exercises is resolved. No single factor can be utilized to anticipate whether a youngster will keep on faltering. The mix of these components can offer SLPs some assistance with determining whether treatment is demonstrated.
How is stuttering treated?
Though, presently, there is no proper treatment or cure procedure for stuttering, but there are various types of treatments available that can lower the possibilities of Stuttering. Most of the case, the nature of treatment will vary according to the age, communication goals and other various factor. If your child have this problem, it is extremely essential to work with experienced speech-language pathologist to stop this problem.
There are various current therapies available for those who have stuttering problem. These therapies always concentrate on their learning ways. It can minimize Stuttering, while they speak for example slow communication; gradually develop from single-syllable responses to make longer words and to make complex sentences
The FDA or U.S. Food and Drug Administration have not approved any type of medication or treatment for the treatment of Stuttering. but, a few medications which are approved to treat other various health issues, for example, epilepsy, tension, or dejection—have been utilized to treat stammering. These medications frequently have side effects that make them hard to use over a drawn out stretch of time.
A few individuals who stutter utilize electronic devices or gadgets to control fluency. For instance, one kind of device suits into the ear canal, like a hearing aid, and digitally replays a slightly adjusted form of the wearer’s voice into the ear so it sounds as though he or she is talking as one with someone else.
Numerous individuals find that they get their biggest progress through a combination of self-learning and treatment. Self-improvement groups offer way for those individuals who stutter to discover assets and backing as they face the difficulties of stammering.
It is a speech disorder in which sounds, syllables, or words are not pronounced correctly and takes a longer time to complete the word or sentence. It is a prolonged delivery of speech which disrupts the normal speech flow. Such prolongation of the speech is accompanied with certain involuntary actions and behaviors like the tremorring of lips and the eye blinks in rapid motion. The stuttering may give a bad impression over the people and is not an effective communication, which often disrupts the repute of the person.
The stuttering is most often among the children of age group 2-5 years. In this age, the children are in the stage of development of their language skills. Almost 5% of children are likely to stammer under this age group, which is not a permanent and may fly away after a certain period of time. There has been observed that the boys are more prone to stuttering than the girls. Although, only less than 1% of adults stutters.
Production of speech mechanism-
The speech is a result of the synchronized action of movements between the muscles, the breathing mechanism, the articulation and the phonation. The movement of muscles is regulated by the brain and through the neurons responsible for the sense of sound receptor and touch.
Causes of stuttering-
The reasons of stuttering are not yet diagnosed by the scientists. Generally, the researchers say that it comes up in the hereditary and thus, a close family member having such a problem, then you are also prone to such problem.
There are three causes of stuttering discovered:
- Developmental Stuttering–
This type of stuttering is observed in the early stage of childhood, when the children are on a developmental stage to speak.
- Neurogenic Stuttering–
The whole of the connection of the speech generation is controlled by the brain and the nervous system. In a situation where the speech nerves and muscles are unfunctional, this disorder occurs. This disorder may also be a result of stroke or an injury in the brain or nervous system.
- Psychological factors:
Scientists have discovered that the causes of this disorder can be traced on to the psychological factors like the heavy stress, embarrassment or a sudden shock and excitement that could cause a stroke may also result in such ailment for lifetime.
Diagnosis of stuttering–
The stuttering can only be diagnosed by a speech-language pathologist (SLP). An SLP is a professional in healthcare department who analyses the speech tone and evaluates the speech, voice and other language discrepancies. The pathologist would evaluate considering the hereditary factor in mind along with the language discrepancies, stuttering behaviors and child’s case history.
The pathologist would judge if the children would be able to overcome the ailment in the near future or not. The family history of the person would be kept in mind to reach to a conclusion.
Treatment of stuttering–
Till now, there has been no complete cure yet found for the stuttering, although there are variety of treatments available. The treatment methodologies differ from person to person, depending on the person’s age, sex and communication capability. Early treatment to the stuttering would result in a better treatment and prevent from permanent stuttering. Thus, the problem of stuttering must be treated up in a young age. If the child has been stuttering for a period of 3 or 6 months, then a pathologist must be contacted.
Some of the treatment methods are described as follows:
- The parents should provide an easy going environment at home by providing high opportunities to speak. The family members should try to interact much with the child to evict nervousness from child.
- Promote the child to speak much and much. Should react positively to each achievement of the child and should not react negatively of stuttering.