It is a speech disorder in which sounds, syllables, or words are not pronounced correctly and takes a longer time to complete the word or sentence. It is a prolonged delivery of speech which disrupts the normal speech flow. Such prolongation of the speech is accompanied with certain involuntary actions and behaviors like the tremorring of lips and the eye blinks in rapid motion. The stuttering may give a bad impression over the people and is not an effective communication, which often disrupts the repute of the person.
The stuttering is most often among the children of age group 2-5 years. In this age, the children are in the stage of development of their language skills. Almost 5% of children are likely to stammer under this age group, which is not a permanent and may fly away after a certain period of time. There has been observed that the boys are more prone to stuttering than the girls. Although, only less than 1% of adults stutters.
Production of speech mechanism-
The speech is a result of the synchronized action of movements between the muscles, the breathing mechanism, the articulation and phonetics. The movement of muscles is regulated by the brain and through the neurons responsible for the sense of sound receptor and touch.
Causes of stuttering-
The reasons of stuttering are not yet diagnosed by the scientists. Generally, the researchers say that it comes up in the hereditary and thus, a close family member having such a problem, then you are also prone to such problem.
There are three causes of stuttering discovered:
- Developmental Stuttering–
This type of stuttering is observed in the early stage of childhood, when the children are on a developmental stage to speak.
- Neurogenic Stuttering–
The whole of the connection of the speech generation is controlled by the brain and the nervous system. In a situation where the speech nerves and muscles are non-functional, this disorder occurs. This disorder may also be a result of stroke or an injury in the brain or nervous system.
- Psychological factors:
Scientists have discovered that the causes of this disorder can be traced on to the psychological factors like the heavy stress, embarrassment or a sudden shock and excitement that could cause a stroke may also result in such ailment for lifetime.
Diagnosis of stuttering–
The stuttering can only be diagnosed by a speech-language pathologist (SLP). An SLP is a professional in healthcare department who analyses the speech tone and evaluates the speech, voice and other language discrepancies. The pathologist would evaluate considering the hereditary factor in mind along with the language discrepancies, stuttering behaviors and child’s case history.
The pathologist would judge if the children would be able to overcome the ailment in the near future or not. The family history of the person would be kept in mind to reach to a conclusion.
Treatment of stuttering–
Till now, there has been no complete cure yet found for the stuttering, although there are variety of treatments available. The treatment methodologies differ from person to person, depending on the person’s age, sex and communication capability. Early treatment to the stuttering would result in a better treatment and prevent from permanent stuttering. Thus, the problem of stuttering must be treated up in a young age. If the child has been stuttering for a period of 3 or 6 months, then a pathologist must be contacted.
Some of the treatment methods are described as follows:
- The parents should provide an easy going environment at home by providing high opportunities to speak. The family members should try to interact much with the child to evict nervousness from child.
- Promote the child to speak much and much. Should react positively to each achievement of the child and should not react negatively of stuttering.